Inflation affects every one of us. We all have to pay for our necessities and our lives have increased in cost as year’s progress.
Inflation reduces the buying ability of your cash and, as a result, you need more money to buy the same items and services that you were able to have bought in the past. But what exactly is inflation? This blog will explore what inflation is as well as ways to beat it.
Table of Content
- 1 What is Inflation ?
- 2 What is Hyper-inflation ?
- 3 How to beat Inflation?
- 4 What are the causes of inflation?
- 5 Inflation Rate in the US
- 6 How can you determine the level of inflation?
- 7 Best Inflation Rate calculator
What is Inflation ?
Inflation is a continuous increase in the total prices of both goods and services within an economy. This is the result of a decrease of purchasing power of a currency that is used within the economy. It requires more currency units to purchase the same amount of products and services, resulting in. The money you spend buys less food rent, toothpaste, or medical treatments.
Inflation can reduce buying power when costs increase faster than wages rise. It makes people spend more money in euros, dollars or other types of currency to buy the necessities they need and could put consumers in financial trouble. It could reduce the amount of discretionary spending. You’d have spend $106.80 for the month of November, 2021 for the same items for $100 in November 2020.
What is Hyper-inflation ?
Hyper-inflation happens when the costs of services and goods increase at a rate of more than 50% per month. In that scenario bread, a loaf may cost you a certain amount in the morning, and an even higher amount later in afternoon.
Hyperinflation is a uncommon. In 2022 in particular, it was the first time that U.S. has experienced heightened inflation. As in May 2022, the average consumer prices have increased by around 8 percent over the past year. Although this is alarming and has indeed had severe consequences for a lot of Americans however, it’s not yet hyperinflation.
How to beat Inflation?
The best tools to beat inflation
Often, savings are thought to be enough, but it will barely make ends meet. The act of investing can help you stretch your savings to the next level and create an asset that increases in value as time passes. However, this occurs only when you do it right.
If you’re investing into tools which offer an interest rate which is less than inflation, your investment is still going to be unsuccessful in the fight against inflation. If you earn higher returns from your savings by using the appropriate investment tools, you’ll be capable of keeping up with the rate of inflation and earn extra cash after paying your expenses.
The stock market is the best method to achieve this. The stock market has many opportunities which hasn’t been fully yet tapped into. Real estate and trusts are a great way to diversify your portfolio of investments and offer long-term investments even if you’re not seeking immediate liquidity.
The gold investment, one widely regarded as the best in India is also an excellent investment choice. ETFs are also a great way to add value and add diversification to your portfolio of investments. Diversified portfolios have risks distributed across different options for investment, so in the event that one option fails you’ll have a variety of backup strategies.
Debt investments are believed as an alternative to fixed deposit and provide stable returns and act in a way to protect to guard against the volatility of markets. Therefore, they are a great addition in your investments as well.
Not taking the risk is the biggest risk
If you’re thinking of sticking with fixed-return investments it’s important to keep in mind that in not providing your savings with the chance to grow, you’re at risk of losing their value since they’re not given the chance to grow sufficiently to keep pace with inflation.
It is essential to ensure that false beliefs and ill-founded beliefs do not influence your investment decisions. In addition, it is crucial to think critically about your financial needs in relation to your needs and income, and decide on your investment strategy in accordance with those figures.
Find more assistance if need help
Although we all begin at some point, it’s only human to require some assistance. If you’re not sure how to plan your investments to keep up with inflation, it’s advised to contact an expert to assist you. A qualified investment advisor can assist you in putting your savings to best usage and ensure that you’re in a position to keep up with the increasing cost of living and generate wealth.
What are the causes of inflation?
1. Regulations and policies
Certain policies could cause price-push, or demand pull inflation. If the government offers tax incentives for certain goods and services, it could increase the demand for those products. If the demand is greater than the supply, prices could increase. In addition, strict building regulations or rent stabilization strategies could accidentally raise costs and create an environment that is inflationary by passing the costs onto residents or artificially reducing the housing supply.
Devaluation is a downward adjustment to the exchange rate of a country that results in lower prices for a currency in a particular country.
Devaluation of a currency makes country’s exports more affordable and encourages foreign countries to purchase more items that have been devalued. Devaluation also makes products from outside for the country that are devaluing more costly, which prompts the citizens of the country that is devaluing to purchase domestic goods in preference to imports from foreign countries.
3. Increased money supply
The term “increased money supply” is the total amount of cash circulated, which includes coins, cash, balances as well as bank accounts, according to Federal Reserve. If the amount of money in circulation increases more quickly than the rate of production, it could lead to inflation, specifically demand-pull inflation since there are excessive dollars being chased by the same items. A rise in the quantity of money is typically triggered through the Federal Reserve through a process known as Open Market Operations (OMO).
4. Demand-pull inflation
Demand-pull inflation occurs when need for certain goods and services is higher than the capacity of the economy to meet those needs. If the demand is greater than supply it creates upward pressure on prices, which can lead to inflation.
5. Cost-push inflation
Cost-push inflation is the rising of prices as the cost of materials and wages goes up. These costs are typically transferred to consumers by way of more expensive prices for the items and services.
Inflation Rate in the US
The annual rate of inflation in the US increased to 9.1 % in June of 2022. It was the highest level since November of the year 1981.
How can you determine the level of inflation?
There are several indicators that can be employed to gauge the rate of inflation. One of the most well-known are The Consumer Price Index (CPI), which measures the cost of a range of services and goods in the economy, such as cars, food, education and leisure.
In April 2022, it was reported that the Consumer Price Index increased 0.3 % on a seasonal adjusted basis. If compared to the year before the total index increased 10.8 %, which is the highest year-over-year gain since November 1980.
Another indicator of inflation can be measured by an inflation measure called the Producer Price Index (PPI), which reports price fluctuations which affect producers in the country. The PPI determines the price of agricultural products, fuels, (meats and cereals) chemicals, and metals. If price rises that because PPI to rise are transferred to the consumer, it will be recorded into the Consumer Price Index.