What Is Daylight Saving Time?
Daylight Saving Time (DST) refers to shifting clocks one hour forward from Standard Time during the summer seasons and switching them back in the autumn. The idea is that it will allow us to benefit from natural daylight. Moving the clocks up by one hour in spring gives us more light in summer evenings, whereas shifting clocks back an hour in autumn gives us more light during winter mornings. But, DST has many detractors–and they are rightfully so.
When Is Daylight Saving Time This Year? When Does the Time Change?
Daylight Saving Time begins on the second Sunday of March and runs until the first Sunday of November. To help remember when they set the clocks, people typically use the phrase “spring forward, fall back.” (Note that these dates apply to locations within the United States and Canada only Other countries could have various dates!)
Daylight Saving Time dst begins on Sunday, 13 March 2022, at 22:00 am. On Saturday nights, clocks are moved forward by an hour (i.e., you lose an hour) to “spring forward.”
End of daylight saving time is on Sunday 6 November 2022, at 22:00 am. On Saturdays, the clocks are reset by an hour (i.e., adding an hour) to “fall back.”
Why do we continue to do it?
DST is widely accepted as a means to conserve energy and daylight in the spring and summer because the extra hour allows people to have more daylight hours outdoors and consume less energy at home. But the necessity, utility and security, and safety of DST were argued over for a long time.
In addition to energy savings, In addition, as well as energy-saving, the U.S. Department of Transportation states that DST is observed as it lowers crime because “more people are out conducting their affairs during the daylight rather than at night when more crime occurs,” and also because the practice of “saves lives and prevents traffic injuries,” because people are out and about and running tasks during daylight hours.
Advantages of Daylight Saving (DST)
More daylight hours increase security.
The longer daylight hours increase safety while driving, decrease car crash rates, and reduce the likelihood of pedestrians being struck by cars.
Economic experts Jennifer Doleac, Ph.D., and Nicholas Sanders, Ph.D., observed that robberies have decreased by 7.7% in total and 27% during the evening hours following the springtime change. They said, “Most street crime occurs at night, during common commute hours between 5 and 8 pm. Having more illumination during normal times of high crime helps people who are walking by to spot the potential dangers and later recognize criminals.
Additionally, the light during the evening can make it safer for runners and dog walkers after work and kids playing outdoors, among other things, as drivers can see individuals more easily, and the risk of criminal behavior is reduced.
DST is beneficial for the economy.
The longer daylight hours mean more shoppers were shopping after work, which means more retail sales and more people driving, which increases the sales of snacks and gas throughout all eight seasons (the duration of DST).
The golf industry said that a month of DST was worth between $200 and $400 million due to the extended hours in the evening that golfers can enjoy. The barbecue industry estimated its profits to increase by $150 million during the duration of DST. In 2007 an estimated $59 million was saved due to fewer robberies being committed due to the sun rising later.
Chambers of Commerce tend to favor DST due to the positive economic impact. Consumer spending rises during DST, which gives an economic boost. Compared with Phoenix, Arizona, which doesn’t have DST, in Los Angeles, California, consumers could spend 3.5 percent less at local shops when DST was over in the autumn.
DST encourages active lifestyles.
If the day is a bit more light later, people will likely engage in more outdoor activities following work.
Hendrik Wolff, Ph.D. Assistant Professor in Economics of Simon Fraser University stated that because of DST, “people engaged in more outdoor recreation and less indoor-TV watching… An additional 3 percent of people who otherwise would have stayed indoors engaged in outdoor behaviors.”
Michael Downing, an author of Spring Forward Michael Downing, author of Spring Forward, wrote, “Baseball [was] a major early supporter since there was no artificial lighting of parks. Therefore, they could take school children and workers to ball games due to the extra daylight. They also had a later starting time.
Advantages of daylight saving get removed
1. Lives could be saved
In simple terms, darkness kills, and the darkness of evening is much more deadly than the morning light.
The rush hour in the evening is twice as deadly as the morning rush hour due to a variety of reasons. More motorists are in the roadway, more alcohol is circulating in drivers’ bloodstreams, drivers are racing to get home, and more kids are playing outside without supervision. As a result, fatal vehicle-on-pedestrian crashes increase threefold when the sun goes down.
DST adds an hour of daylight in the evening, helping to minimize the dangers. However, standard time also has the opposite effect: it shifts sunlight to the morning.
A meta-study of all research that has been conducted on the subject showed it was possible that 343 lives would be saved by switching to a year-round DST with a focus on reducing pedestrian and vehicle collisions. Mornings could be more dangerous; however, evenings and afternoons are much more secure.
2. Crime could decrease
Darkness can be a benefactor of criminals. In the evening, the sun’s rays can greatly impact crime prevention more than during the daytime. This is particularly true for criminal acts committed by children who are at their most violent during the late afternoon and early evening times.
Criminals like to conduct their work in the dark of night and evening. The crime rate is 30 percent lower in the morning, although those dawn hours are prior to sunrise and then at night.
A 2013 British study revealed that better lighting at night could lower the rate of crime by 20%.
3. Energy would be conserved
Most people are unaware that the initial reason for the development of DST was to conserve energy. It was initially used in World War I and II to provide energy priority in the service of U.S. troops and later in the aftermath of the 1973 OPEC oil crisis. The peak energy demands are less if the sun sets earlier in the evening hours.
Being able to enjoy more sunlight in the evening not only less energy to light the room but also reduces the amount of gas and oil needed for heating homes and businesses, even though it may raise cooling costs during the summer. DST has resulted in one million barrels of crude oil being saved by U.S. citizens in the U.S. in 1973, which helped in reducing the impact of the OPEC oil embargo.
A majority of us are awake and working at the beginning of the evening when the sun goes down. However, a significant part of the population is still sleeping at dawn, which results in lower energy demand.
This premise prompted some people individuals in California to advocate for an end to DST during the first half of 2000, the early 2000s, a time when the state was plagued by recurrent blackouts and power shortages that were rolling. The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy estimated that the U.S. would have seen an energy savings of over 4 billion dollars and a reduction in carbon emission by 10.8 million tons if we had implemented permanent DST about ten years earlier.
4. Improves sleep
The critics of DST are right about one thing: the biannual clock switch is harmful to the health and well-being of people.
It disrupts the sleep patterns of people. Heart attacks are up 24 percent during the week following when the U.S. “springs forward” in March. It’s not just in the week, as the clocks “fall back.”
If that’s not enough, the study of 2000 shows that the major indexes of the financial markets NYSE, AMEX, and NASDAQ generally have negative returns on Mondays after the switch of both clocks, likely due to disrupted sleep cycles.
People who criticize biannual clock switching often make use of these arguments to argue for the use of the regular time that is always on. But the same benefits to sleep are offered by all-year DST as well. Also, standard time does not provide DST’s life-saving, energy-saving, or crime prevention benefits.
What countries do daylight savings
- North America
- European Union countries
- Most of Mexico,
- The Levant
- New Zealand
- Parts of Australia.
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